It then cut production significantly and asked its OPEC partners to do the same. Part of the English-Arabic dictionary contains translations of Arabeyes. [201], According to Middle East Eye, seven of the fifteen men suspected of killing Khashoggi are members of Mohammed bin Salman's personal bodyguard. [196][197] The Toronto Star reported that the consensus among analysts indicated that the actions taken by Mohammed bin Salman were a "warning to the world — and to Saudi human rights activists — that his Saudi Arabia is not to be trifled with". The CIA based its conclusion on several pieces of evidence, including an intercepted conversation in which Prince Mohammed's brother Khalid offered Khashoggi assurances that it would be safe for the journalist to enter Saudi Arabia's consulate in Istanbul. He is also the deputy supreme commander of the Bahrain Defense Force . [104], Prince Mohammed bin Salman's biggest bet was his plan to restore the Saudi kingdom's dominance in global oil markets by driving the new competition into bankruptcy, by keeping the oil price low enough for a long enough period. He also said, "The crown prince [of Saudi Arabia] is so toxic, so tainted, so flawed. [183], In August 2016, Donald Trump Jr. had a meeting with an envoy representing Mohammed bin Salman and Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi. He is currently serving as the country's deputy prime minister (the title of prime minister being held by the king) and is also Chairman of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs, Chairman of the Council of Political and Security Affairs, and Minister of Defense– the world's yo… [122] Bin Salman's plans to raise capital for the sovereign wealth fund included selling off shares of Saudi Aramco, the state-owned petroleum and natural gas company,[90] with the capital to be re-invested in other sectors such as to implement the diversification plans. [18], Despite praise for his strides towards the social and economic liberalisation of Saudi Arabia, international commentators and human rights groups have been openly critical of bin Salman's leadership and the shortfalls of his reform program, citing a rising number of detentions and alleged torture of human rights activists,[19] the Saudi bombing campaign in Yemen which has exacerbated the humanitarian crisis and famine,[20] the escalation of the Qatar diplomatic crisis,[21] the start of the Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute, the start of a diplomatic spat with Canada, the arrest of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017, a crackdown on feminists,[22][23][24] the hacking and blackmailing of The Washington Post owner and world's wealthiest person, Jeff Bezos; and the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi. Prince Mohammed holds a bachelor's degree in law from King Saud University. Prince Ahmed bin Abdelaziz is one of … [193] Trump and his administration also firmly supported Prince Mohammed during global backlash following the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi. American intelligence officials believe that "boss" was a reference to the crown prince. [109] His interest in arts and music industry has led him to join different related activities. [255], In early 2018, Prince Mohammed visited the United States, where he met with many politicians, business people and Hollywood stars, including President Trump, Bill and Hillary Clinton, Henry Kissinger, Michael Bloomberg, George W. Bush, George H. W. Bush, Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos, Oprah Winfrey, Rupert Murdoch, Richard Branson, Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles, Michael Douglas, Morgan Freeman, and Dwayne Johnson. [citation needed] [169][170][171][172] The famine in Yemen is the direct result of the Saudi-led intervention and blockade of the rebel-held area. ", "Mohammad bin Salman named new Saudi Crown Prince", "Mohammed bin Nayef kingpin in new Saudi Arabia: country experts", "Saudi Arabia will return to moderate, open Islam and 'will destroy extremist ideas', says crown prince", "Saudi Arabia's king replaces nephew with son as heir to throne", "Saudi king names son as new crown prince, upending the royal succession line", "Saudi royal decrees announcing Prince Mohammed BinSalman as the new crown prince", "Rise of Saudi Prince Shatters Decades of Royal Tradition", "Saudi Arabia will finally allow women to drive", "Saudi women can now travel without consent – but this progress is fragile", "Saudi Arabia to allow women to enter stadiums to watch soccer", "Mohammed bin Salman's reforms in Saudi Arabia could benefit us all", "Saudi Arabia is considering an IPO of Aramco, probably the world's most valuable company", "Saudi Arabia denies rights activists tortured and sexually harassed in jail", "Yemen on brink of 'world's worst famine in 100 years' if war continues", "Saudi Crown Prince calls Qatar embargo a 'small issue, "Saudi Arabia must immediately free women human rights defenders held in crackdown, say UN experts", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, "Saudi women's rights activist arrested as long-time driving ban lifted", "Saudi Arabia arrests more women's rights activists: HRW", "Mohammed Bin Salman, Saudi Arabia's Prince Of Chaos", "Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud: The young hothead who would be king", "Surprising Saudi Rises as a Prince Among Princes", "Profile of a Prince: Promise and Peril in Mohammed bin Salman's Vision 2030", Profile of Prince Mohammed bin Salman – Defense Minister of Saudi Arabia, "HRH Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz to inaugurate Cityscape Riyadh 2011", "Prince Sultan arrives to Bahrain to attend Bahrain Grand Prix", "Leadership's trust in me is my motivation – Muhammad", "Prince Mohammed appointed president of crown prince court", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman appointed Special Advisor to Crown Prince", "Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman named defense minister", Profile: Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, "Saudi Succession: The King Is Dead, Long Live the King", Saudi and Arab allies bomb Houthi positions in Yemen, "Risk-taking Saudi prince gambling with stability", "Saudi Arabia's king appoints new interior minister", "King Salman: The man in charge of the 'most dangerous man in the world, "Transcript: Interview with Muhammad bin Salman", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman: Naive, arrogant Saudi prince is playing with fire", "Saudi Arabia announces 34-state Islamic military alliance against terrorism", "More than 40 Islamic countries just met and vowed to wipe terrorism off the map", "Mohammed bin Salman named Saudi Arabia's crown prince", "Saudi Arabia 'destabilising Arab world', German intelligence warns", "Prince Mohammed bin Salman: Naive, arrogant Saudi prince is playing with fire: German intelligence memo shows the threat from the kingdom's headstrong defence minister", "Germany Rebukes Its Own Intelligence Agency for Criticizing Saudi Policy", "Trump congratulates newly-elevated Saudi Arabian crown prince", "A young prince is reimagining Saudi Arabia. [131], Ayaan Hirsi Ali claimed that if bin Salman "succeeds in his modernization efforts, Saudis will benefit from new opportunities and freedoms, and the world will benefit from curtailing the Wahhabi radicalization agenda. [177], Following the murder of Khashoggi, the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations approved a resolution to impose sanctions on people blocking humanitarian access in Yemen and suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia. [110] The scheme will enable expatriates to permanently reside, own property and invest in the Kingdom. Yet "[i]t is not clear what those detained are suspected of. I would also say it's a classical power grab move sometimes to arrest your rivals, your potential rivals under the pretext of corruption". [260], Mohammed advocates fiscal austerity and leads a "crackdown on corruption and self-enrichment".[246]. [234][236] Miqdaad Versi, spokesperson for the Muslim Council of Britain, called Prince Mohammed's remarks "disgusting" and a defence of "the use of concentration camps against Uighur Muslims". The Wahhabis were committed to fixed social and gender relationships. [222][223][224] The prince denied in an interview with CBS' 60 Minutes, aired on 29 September 2019, any personal involvement in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, adding that "once charges are proven against someone, regardless of their rank, it will be taken to court, no exception made", but said that he had to take "full responsibility for what happened". ", "The Saudi Purge Isn't Just a Power Grab", "Trump's uncritical embrace of MBS set the stage for Khashoggi crisis", Alwaleed bin Talal, two other billionaires tycoons among Saudi arrests, Saudi Arabia Arrests 11 Princes, Including Billionaire Waleed bin Talal, "Power Consolidation Or Failed Coup In Saudi Arabia? "Lack of accountability is one thing, but allowing … "[50][47][52][157] German officials reacted to the BND's memo, saying the published statement "is not the position of the federal government". The king had decreed the creation of a powerful new anticorruption committee, headed by the crown prince, only hours before the committee ordered the arrests. It's been young Saudis, particularly younger Saudi men in the street". The Israeli Foreign Ministry’s Arabic-language page shared the photo, which promptly went viral. [258] Mohammed also visited the United Kingdom, where he met with Prime Minister Theresa May, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince William. The crown prince has faced international condemnation over Khashoggi, who was killed and dismembered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. [7] He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman. Mohammad bin Salman became Saudi Arabia's minister of defence in 2015. [99] Neom aims to attract investment in sectors including renewable energy, biotechnology, robotics and advanced manufacturing. [165][166] In August 2018, the United Nations reported that all parties in the conflict were responsible for human rights violations and for actions which could be considered war crimes. However, Western countries are not convinced and believe this couldn't have happened without the knowledge or approval of the prince. [208][209], The recording of Khashoggi's killing collected by Turkish intelligence reportedly reveals that one of the members of the kill team instructed someone over the phone to "tell your boss, the deed was done." [136], On 27 April 2020 the Human Rights Commission of Saudi Arabia reported the enactment of a royal decree abolishing death penalty for crimes committed by minors. [216], A former Saudi intelligence chief and senior member of the Saudi royal family, Prince Turki bin Faisal Al Saud, dismissed the CIA's reported finding that Mohammed bin Salman ordered the journalist's killing, saying that "The CIA has been proved wrong before. [70] The 2018 Arab Youth Survey found that nine out of ten 18–24 year-olds in the MENA region support Mohammed bin Salman's campaign against corruption. However, analysts and insiders suggest his 35-year-old son, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, likely is more open to the idea of normalizing relations without major progress in the moribund peace process. [252] The current location of the painting is unknown. The person who made the call was identified as Maher Abdulaziz Mutreb, a security officer who is frequently seen travelling with the prince. [134], In an interview with a CBS 60 Minutes that aired on 29 September 2019, Mohammed bin Salman invited people to visit the Kingdom to see the transformation, asking for people to meet Saudi citizens for themselves. [98], At the inaugural Future Investment Initiative conference in Riyadh in October 2017, bin Salman announced plans for the creation of Neom, a $500 billion economic zone to cover an area of 26,000 square kilometres on Saudi Arabia's Red Sea coast, extending into Jordan and Egypt. [9][10][11], He has led several successful reforms, which include regulations restricting the powers of the religious police,[12] the removal of the ban on female drivers in June 2018,[13] and weakening the male-guardianship system in August 2019. ", "The $450 million Leonardo da Vinci painting that's said to be sitting on a Saudi prince's yacht was once bought for just $1,000. Denying the title, he explained the mechanism of the decision-making institutions actually holding stakes in the intervention, including the council of security and political affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs from the Saudi side. The summons stated that a judgement would be taken by default against the concerned parties, if they fail to respond. [242], In 2015, he purchased the Italian-built and Bermuda-registered yacht Serene from Russian vodka tycoon Yuri Shefler for €500 million. [55] The change of succession had been predicted in December 2015 by an unusually blunt and public memo published by the German Federal Intelligence Service,[56][57] which was subsequently rebuked by the German government. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar. Hashtag' becomes fall guy in Khashoggi case, but is he really down? [174] Following the Houthi missile attack against Riyadh in December 2017, which was intercepted by Saudi air defence,[175] Mohammed Bin Salman retaliated with a ten-day barrage of indiscriminate airstrikes against civilian areas in Yemen held by Houthi forces, killing dozens of children. [62], Chrystia Freeland, Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs, issued a statement via Twitter on 2 August 2018 expressing Canada's concern over the recent arrest of Samar Badawi, a human rights activist and sister of imprisoned Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, and called for the release of human rights activists. [256][257] President Trump praised his relationship with Prince Mohammed. [59] Mohammed bin Salman told the Washington Post in April 2017 that without America's cultural influence on Saudi Arabia, "we would have ended up like North Korea. [219], In June 2019, a UN report linked bin Salman to the assassination. Can he make his vision come true? Saudi Arabia denies crown prince met with Netanyahu, or any Israeli. One hypothesis for the arrests was that they were part of a power grab on the part of Salman. [129] Building an industrial culture was not compatible with Wahhabism. Mohammed bin Salman's first move as minister was to mobilise a pan-GCC coalition to intervene following a series of suicide bombings in Sana'a via air strikes against Houthis, and impose a naval blockade. [168][173] In October 2018, Lise Grande, the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen, warned that 12 to 13 million Yemenis were at risk of starvation if the war continued for another three months. [127] According to him, he aimed to have Saudi Arabia start "returning to what we were before—a country of moderate Islam that is open to all religions and to the world". [202] John Sawers, a former head of the British MI6, stated that in his judgment of the evidence it is "very likely" that Mohammed bin Salman ordered the killing of Khashoggi. [125][47], In September 2017, bin Salman implemented the women to drive movement's multi-decade demand to lift the ban on female drivers. [135], On 26 April 2020, the Supreme Judicial Council of Saudi Arabia abolished flogging as a punishment in the country, stating that the decision was "an extension of the human rights reforms introduced under the direction of King Salman and the direct supervision of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman". The envoy offered help to the Trump presidential campaign. Saudi Arabia, which had been spending $100 billion a year to keep services and subsidies going, had to admit defeat in November 2016. The UAE was pushing for the idea of helping Russia stabilise Syria and enabling the Assad regime in the country. [12] In 2016, he shared his idea for "Green cards" for non-Saudi foreigners with Al Arabiya journalist Turki al-Dakhil. "[67] An analysis from the CBC claimed that "the clampdown against corruption resonates with ordinary Saudis who feel that the state has been asking them to accept belt tightening while, at the same time, they see corruption and the power elite accumulating more wealth". Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic: حمدان بن محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم ‎) (born 14 November 1982) is the Crown Prince of Dubai, United Arab Emirates.He is popularly known as Fazza (Arabic: فزاع ‎), the name under which he publishes his poetry, and which means "the one who helps" in Arabic. "[60], In May 2017, Mohammed bin Salman publicly warned "I confirm to you, no one will survive in a corruption case—whoever he is, even if he's a prince or a minister". Besides his native Arabic, Mohammed also speaks English. 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